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The World - Countries - India Teamwork OP 10
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India
Teamwork Oral Presentation
By Inmaculada (01 Intro), Sonia (02 History), Carlos (03 Gandhi), Adela (04 Spirituality), Montse (05 Taj Mahal), Diana (06 Women), Encarna (07 Microcredits),
Irene (08 Food), Miguel MM (09 Music 1), Tere (10 Music 2), Esther (11 Bollywood)
Y5C, 2006-07

Classical Indian Music
By Tere

(with slide show and more music below)


Tabla solo by Alla Rakha

Classical Indian music is mainly divided in two branches, North and South.

  • South Indian music is called Carnatic, in reference of the southern state of Karnataka.
    The northern branch is called Hindustani, in reference of the Hindi speaking region in the north.

North Indian music has a wide range of ancient and beautiful instruments, each having a quite unique tone. One of the most well-known percussion instrument is the tabla.
The tabla is a pair of drums. Each drum is played with one hand. The smaller drum, played with the right hand, is called tabla and is made from wood. The larger drum, played with the left hand, is called baya, can be made from metal or ceramic and has a large goat skin on. The goat skin in both drums is covered by a thick black disk, the shiai, which is made of flour, ferric oxid powder and starch. It is stuck in the skin centre to allow the emission of harmonics/overtones. The skin is tightened by camel skin braces and is tuned to the SA (Do), with the PA (sol) and GA (mi) harmonics, depending on the strength of the musician’s stroke.

There are also many string instruments. Among them the most well known is the sitar.
Its body is carved out of tun or teakwood and its main resonator is made out of a pumpkin. It is plucked by the index finger of the right hand fitted with a plectrum made of wire. Sitars generally have 6 or 7 main playing strings and an additional 12 or more sympathetic strings, which give the instrument a shimmering echo when played. The frets are movable and can be adjusted according to the scale you choose.

Western music fusions with Indian music, especially using sitars, are well known.
Some examples of bands, whose music is mixed with ancient instruments are:

TO DELETE LATER!!! Tere, check Radio Blog where we can get free music, to see if you find the themes you know have some Indian influence: here is what I found, just in case (the Radio Blog ones, the others are your audios)...

the Beatles (Revolver)
Morcheeba

Asian Dub Foundation
Panjabi MC

TV as well, as we can hear in this Coke spot.